Can Psychedelics Treat Drug and Alcohol Addiction?

Can Psychedelics Treat Drug and Alcohol Addiction?

Drug addiction and alcoholism are widespread problems in society. Like other diseases, they don’t recognise any borders or race and anyone can become addicted to something.

People recognise that addiction is a growing problem and act. Addiction treatment has moved forward dramatically over the last few decades. Acceptance and a focus on treatment and using medication to assist detox has helped many people to achieve long-term recovery.

To continue overcoming drug or alcohol addiction and achieve better results, researchers have begun looking outside the box. Namely, psychedelic-assisted therapy.

Psychedelic drugs conjure images of hippies at Woodstock preaching free love and not showering. These ideas have stayed with the wider population and since the late 60s/early 70s psychedelics have been banned in the UK and classified as Class A drugs.

Despite this, psychedelic drugs are now being considered more and more in the scientific community as a possible tool in the fight against drug and alcohol addiction.

 

What are Psychedelics?

Psychedelics, also known as hallucinogens, are a group of drugs that create changes in a person’s perceptions when they take the drug. Many psychedelics come from fungi and plants such as certain mushrooms and cacti.

Psychedelics have been used by humans for thousands of years to achieve a different state of mind. Indigenous peoples like the Native Americans used psychedelics in religious rituals.

LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) was discovered in 1943 and embraced by psychiatrists to help treat mood disorders.

LSD in particular became a symbol of the youth and the left-wing, anti-war movement. As they became politicised, psychedelics were swiftly banned and viewed very negatively.

The most common psychedelics being explored regarding alcohol and drug rehabilitation treatment are LSD, DMT, ketamine and psilocybin.

Despite being highly regulated, psychedelics are seen as not that addictive and it is unlikely you would become physically dependent on them. There are some risks to them though. Long-term users may suffer emotionally from bad trips and experience depression and anxiety. In rare cases, people have flashbacks to bad experiences months, years and decades later.

 

How Do Psychedelics Work?

Psychedelics alter your perceptions by affecting the prefrontal cortex in your brain. This part of the brain has a say on your perception, mood and cognition.

If you take a psychedelic, you may hear and see things that are not there. Depending on the type of psychedelic you take, the effects can take a while to come on and can last for up to 12 hours.

The effects of these drugs are unpredictable. Your mood, the setting and what you are expecting can all have effects on the experience. If you are scared and in an unfamiliar place then you may have a bad trip – which can be very unpleasant.

Through seeing things and experiencing something apart from reality, some people have epiphanies about themselves or gain a greater understanding of their life. Having a change of mood and being more open to the exploration of your mind could prove very useful when dealing with an addiction.

 

Studies Which Have Shown Psychedelics Treat Addiction

In recent years there have been several studies looking at the effectiveness of psychedelics to treat addiction.

Psilocybin

A recent study, led by doctors at NYU Grossman School of Medicine, looked at how psilocybin and therapy could work together to help reduce drinking in people addicted to alcohol. Psilocybin is another term for magic mushrooms and is also being looked at to help treat mental health disorders and Parkinson’s. The study had positive results, reducing heavy drinking among the participants by 83% on average.

Ketamine

The largest trial of ketamine-assisted therapy has been announced, with £2.4 million being invested into the study. This is due to positive results from the Ketamine for Reduction of Alcohol Relapse (KARE) trial that was led by the University of Exeter. Using low doses of ketamine and therapy they found that these people were 2.5 times more likely to stay clean at the end of the trial compared to those in the placebo group.

Ibogaine

DemeRx and Atai Life Sciences announced a joint study in 2021. They aimed to explore the treatment of opioids with ibogaine, a psychedelic drug found in the root bark of the iboga tree. This is off the back of a large study in the West Indies led by the CEO of DemeRx. Ibogaine reduced cravings and depression and this continued after a one-month follow-up.

 

How is Psilocybin Said to Work?

Psilocybin is emerging is the frontrunner in this battle between psychedelic drugs.

It works by activating serotonin receptors in the brain. Serotonin is important in mood regulation and more of it can make you feel happier. It is preferred as a treatment drug as it takes effect quicker, within 30 minutes, than other psychedelics and only lasts from 4-6 hours.

Psilocybin can cause euphoria, calmness, distort your visual and audio perception and provide a dream-like sensation. Psilocybin can be effective in addiction treatment as it allows you to think outside yourself and have visceral experiences that can deeply affect you.

 

The Future of Addiction Treatment with Psychedelics

With more positive results from studies, the conversation around psychedelics will start to change. As minds are changed, psychedelics may become an important part of treatment in alcohol and drug rehabs.

In some places, the tide is already turning.

In the USA, psilocybin has been decriminalised in several states. Oregon and Colorado have legalised it for use in mental health treatment.

UK research is not moving forward as quickly but the pressure is continuing to mount on the government to reclassify psychedelics. This will help more research occur. Progress comes when there is more data to sift through so that better conclusions can be made.

Positive results from studies have helped some progress be made. Awakn is a company providing psychedelic-assisted therapy for addicts in clinics they have opened in London and Bristol. They could begin a trend towards this type of therapy that would help many people get clean and stay that way.

 

Find Out More

Rehab Clinics Group provide residential addiction treatment in centres all over the country. In our facilities, you can gain access to a range of treatment options that include medically assisted detoxification and various therapies.

If you want to know more, contact us at 0800 470 0382 or text HELP to 83222.